Javelina are not pigs as many believe. They are members of the peccary family.
The only species found in the United States is the collared peccary which ranges throughout the southwest.
Javelina travel in small herds and have a limited home range. In the winter they travel during the early morning or late afternoon but in the summer they become nocturnal. They eat prickly pear cacti, mesquite beans, fruits and insects.
They defend themselves with sharp canine teeth sometimes referred to as tusks and have very poor eyesight. They are not usually aggressive and prefer to retreat unless cornered.
Javelinas usually weigh around 30 to 50 pounds and are grizzled brown and black with a white band of couse hair around the neck.
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